SEO Basics: How To Do SEO For Beginners

Search engine optimization is the most important factor for every website owner. It’s a marketing technique that can be used to improve your ranking on Google and other search engines, making it easier for readers to find what they are looking for.

The “seo for beginners pdf” is a document that gives an overview of SEO. It is a good resource for those who are new to the world of SEO and want to learn more about it.

It might be tough to decide where to begin your SEO profession when you’re just starting out. You’ve probably heard that Google’s top three ranking variables are links, content, and RankBrain, but this means very little if your primary goal is to start seeing your website rank on Google.

While SEO may get complicated when dealing with bigger sites or those that have their own set of issues, there are a number of SEO fundamentals that you can go through to improve your site’s organic performance.

We’re not talking about complex concepts that will take weeks to master, but rather simple actions that will make a difference. We’ve put up a checklist of SEO essentials that you should know and use right away on your site to assist you learn how to conduct SEO.

Let’s take a brief look at what SEO is and how it works if you’re new to the field. SEO is a natural (non-paid) marketing strategy that helps you improve your website’s position in search engines for keywords relevant to your company, resulting in more traffic and conversions. 

Finally, SEO should increase the amount of visitors to your website, as well as the number of consumers and income it generates.

In our ‘What is SEO?’ tutorial, Jason Barnard defined SEO as follows:

Search engine optimization (SEO) is the art and science of convincing search engines like Google, Bing, and Yahoo to promote your material as the best answer to their consumers’ problems.

— Barnard, Jason

If you want to understand more about the principles of SEO and how search engines function, check out his video that goes along with this article.


When a prospective consumer searches for the goods or services you provide in 2020, there’s a strong chance Google will be the first place they look. If you aren’t found when your consumers search, your rivals will win the deal.

When you’re able to implement an effective SEO strategy, you’ll be able to:

  • Make sure you’re visible on Google when prospective clients are looking for you.
  • Drive targeted traffic to your website from individuals who are seeking for exactly what you have to offer.
  • Increased organic income (for which you won’t have to spend per click).
  • Provide you with a significant competitive edge.

You can help establish a good organic approach to assist you accomplish your objectives by learning some of these SEO principles.

Let’s go a bit further into SEO and explore Google’s algorithm before we look at the fundamentals of SEO.

We can plainly see Google’s fundamental purpose when we look at their “How Google Search Works” page:

There are hundreds, if not millions, of websites with useful information available every time you do a search. Google’s decision-making process begins long before you enter anything, and is governed by a desire to offer the best information to our users.

This is quickly followed by their desire to return the most appropriate results, which they express openly:

Google’s Search engines scan hundreds of billions of websites in our index in a fraction of a second to identify the most relevant, helpful results for what you’re searching for.

And these are the fundamentals of SEO that you should be aware of.

It all boils down to this:

  • ensuring that your site is properly crawled and indexed by Google (SEO in a technical sense).
  • Creating the most relevant, best-performing online results for your company (Search Engine Optimization (SEO) on the Page and content).
  • Increasing a site’s authority so that search engines will trust this fantastic material (off-page SEO and Creating Connections).

So let’s take a look at some SEO fundamentals to assist you in driving organic development.

As an SEO, not everything you do has to be complicated. When you get the fundamentals right, the basics generally bring the fastest gains. We’ve compiled a list of 21 easy SEO chores and focus areas that you should make sure you’re doing correctly, and separated them into many sections:

  • Researching Keywords
  • SEO in a technical sense
  • Search Engine Optimization (SEO) on the Page
  • Creating Connections

But, before we get started, go to the Site Audit tool and start crawling your site; we’ll come back to this later. 

Learning the SEO basics means starting with the most important element: Researching Keywords.

These are the high-volume, high-competition search phrases that you want to rank at the top of the SERPs for. They’re also known as’short-tail,”money,’ or ‘head-term,’ keywords.

Yes, they’re generally competitive, and it’ll take time for a new site to rank for these phrases, but in order to implement an effective approach, you need to know what your long-term objectives are.

Here’s how to figure out what your site’s main keywords are:

  • Make a list of the phrases you’d anticipate a customer or client to search for when searching for a company like yours on Google. Keeping things in one location, such as Google Sheets or Excel, makes them easier to utilize in the following phase. There are no right or incorrect keywords to highlight; it’s just a matter of listing as many methods as feasible for people to find your company, in your view.
  • Enter the search phrases you’ve just written down into the SEMrush Keyword Overview tool and select ‘analyze.’


  • You’ll get a wealth of information on these terms, such as monthly search volume and KD (keyword difficulty). There are two important metrics to notice here that we’ll need to employ.


  • You’ll immediately notice which terms are popular and which ones aren’t. Those that do, and may bring visitors to your site, may be added to a keyword list by clicking the Add button.

Researching Keywords in 2020 is about so much more than targeting just a few search terms. You need to write effective pages that deserve to rank, which means understanding the wider concept of topics and how to integrate keywords to relevant pages.

You may accomplish this by going to your newly made keyword list and looking at the ones you’ve added:


  • If you click on any of the keywords, you’ll be directed to a website with further information about that phrase.


  • You’ll notice a Keyword Variations box here, which is ideal for expanding your keyword list. You’ll discover keyword variants of your core keyword, allowing you to appropriately optimize your site for more related phrases.
  • Aside from that, you’ll find queries and related keywords, both of which might provide more information and suggestions for developing a long-tail keyword strategy.

Long-tail keywords, if you’re not acquainted with them, are lengthier search phrases with a lower search volume but a greater degree of intent. The Keyword Magic Tool may assist you in identifying more long-tail keyword prospects.


Begin compiling your keyword list.

Get keyword ideas right now.

ADS illustration

You must determine where you can compete realistically right now and devise a plan to build a solid basis. As your organic footprint increases, this foundation will help you gain authority, which will position you up for future SEO success.

To determine where you stand and how to strategy, look at the Authority Scores of your own site and your rivals.

What is the Authority Score (AS), though?

“Authority Score is our compound domain score that rates the entire quality of a website and informs you how valuable a backlink from that site might be for your SEO,” says the company.

The following SEMrush data is used to calculate the score:

  • Backlink information, such as referring domains, follow and no follow connections, and more.
  • Data from organic search, such as traffic and keyword placements
  • Data on website traffic (monthly visits)

You must identify your own AS and compare it to the sites with whom you are competing in the SERPs. To do so, follow these steps:

  • Return to Keyword Manager and choose your list. On the ‘Top Competitors’ column, there is a’show’ link.


  • Take these URLs and run them using the Bulk Backlink Analysis tool. Then you’ll see each one’s AS score. Make careful to compare your own URL as well.


  • When you compare your own page to the rivals who rank, you’ll be able to tell whether you’re authoritative enough to compete for them right now. 

The next step is to map your major and secondary keywords to your present site pages, making care to group comparable keyword variants with the same purpose together.

The bulk of keywords should be allocated to pages and articles as part of this activity, but those that aren’t will result in a “keyword gap.” This basically implies you don’t have a page dedicated to a certain term and will need to develop one. It’s a lot easier to stay on top of things if you map it out in Excel or Google Sheets.

Getting SEO in a technical sense right means that your site can be crawled and indexed. Without properly being crawled and indexed, your site will struggle to rank. Here’s how you can get started:

Go ahead and set up your site on Google Search Console if you haven’t already. This free tool, formerly known as Google Webmaster Tools, assists you in identifying any issues that Google may encounter when indexing or crawling your site. 

Enter your domain on the Search Console main page, and you’ll be offered a selection of alternatives for verification:


Select the most appropriate choice and double-check your website.

The first thing you should do using Search Console is double-check that nothing is blocking your whole site or important pages from being scanned and indexed.

This may be done using the ‘coverage’ report. It may be found in the left-hand sidebar menu. When you click it, you’ll see the following:


Pay special attention to the ‘excluded’ pages here. You’ll find particular difficulties connected to the state of your site’s pages in this section.


Here’s where you can learn more about deciphering the coverage report.

You may also check any URL on the site (using the URL bar at the top of the page) to obtain information about the page’s index state.


At, you should see a robots.txt file for your site.

This is what it should look like:


You’ll need to make one if you don’t already have one. 

But what is the purpose of this file?

Robots.txt instructs Googlebot (and other bots) how to crawl your site. From a SEO in a technical sense perspective, if you find that you’re preventing key site pages from being crawled, this can cause indexation issues. Similarly, if pages that shouldn’t be crawled are not being blocked, this can result in over-indexation and too many pages (either duplicates or low value) being indexed. 

More information regarding robots.txt files may be found here.

In the words of Google:

A sitemap shows the crawler which files on your site you believe are significant, as well as providing useful information about these files, such as when a page was last updated, how frequently it is changed, and any alternative language versions of a page.

— Google

For the most part, you’ll discover that this is set to:

However, this varies per platform, and it is not required that this URL be utilized. Now is the time to construct a sitemap and submit it to Google Search Console if you don’t already have one. On the Sitemaps page, you may do so.


You may read Kevin Indig’s comprehensive guide on XML Sitemaps for a deeper understanding of why sitemaps are so essential and how to utilize them successfully. 

No one, including consumers and search engines, wants to visit a sluggish website.

With a greater bounce rate, shorter dwell time, and lower conversion rate, a sluggish site might have a detrimental influence on your SEO performance. 

However, before you can figure out what adjustments you need to make, you must first assess your site’s performance. Go to the errors tab on your Site Audit dashboard. You’ll find any sites that have been flagged as having a sluggish page speed here, which is an excellent place to start making changes.


From here, it’s critical to comprehend the exact difficulties that are creating poor page performance, as well as the prospects for change. Start by running your site through Google’s PageSpeed Insights tool, which will provide you with tips on how to speed up your load time. 


More information on how to enhance your PageSpeed score may be found here.

Since 2014, HTTPS has been a ranking element.

Despite this, there are still websites that aren’t secure and use an HTTP domain. Check to see whether you can visit your site through https:// rather than http://. If you are, congratulations! There is no need to take any additional action. If your site is still on HTTP, consult with your developer and plan a move to HTTPS carefully, or follow this process.

Once you’ve sorted out any technical issues that exist on your site, you’ll want to start looking for opportunities to improve your site’s Search Engine Optimization (SEO) on the Page.

But what is Search Engine Optimization (SEO) on the Page?

According to our own encyclopedia on the subject:

Search Engine Optimization (SEO) on the Page is the practice of optimizing content and HTML source code to clearly define what your webpage is and what information it is providing. Some areas that need to be optimized include page titles, meta descriptions, alt-text, internal links and anchor text, URLs, and more.

Before you begin developing or optimizing content for a query, you must first understand what searchers want to see, particularly when there is a possibility of mixed intent.

You must choose if a searcher wants to view instructive and instructional material or commercial sites (items, categories, or services). The simplest method to achieve this is to go to the SERPs and spend some time examining the sites that appear in the top ten results. This also allows you to learn more about the duration of the material that’s ranking, the themes addressed, and other details. 

Do you need further assistance? This article will teach you how to recognize search intent.

You may use the SEMrush SEO Content Template to create a strategy and structure for each page to help you outrank your competition by providing content that matches searcher intent.

Simply type in the term you want to target with your page, and it will evaluate the top 10 results and offer a templated structure that you can use to create content for your own website.


You’ll be able to learn about the suggested text length, semantically relevant terms to include, backlink sources to use, and more. When you combine this with the information you obtained by personally evaluating the top 10 results, you’ll be well on your way to developing content that is even better than the current top results. 

One of the fundamentals of on-page SEO is title tags. They both appear as the headline of your listing on SERPs and are a significant ranking element.


To put it simply, you’ll want to make sure that the title tags of your site’s pages are unique and incorporate the page’s major target keyword (and variants where possible).

But, as our article on how to create title tags illustrates, there’s more to optimizing them than just adding keywords.

  1. Keep titles to a maximum of 55-60 characters.
  2. In titles, include keywords that are relevant to your business.
  3. Describe the content of your page as accurately as possible.
  4. Help folks comprehend what they’ll discover on the page by using terms like HOW, WHY, WHAT, and WHERE.
  5. Use phrases like BEST, REVIEW, and ULTIMATE to get them to click. 
  6. Don’t use the same title again!
  7. Make good use of your company’s or brand’s name.
  8. Maintain a straightforward approach.

Meta descriptions appear under the page title on SERPs for your site and are an excellent approach to persuade a user to choose your listing over that of your rivals.


While they aren’t a direct ranking factor any more, they may have a beneficial influence on CTR (click-through rate), which is one. To correctly improve meta descriptions, we propose the following strategies from our SEO fundamentals guide:

  1. Keep them to a maximum of 1-2 sentences (140-160 characters).

  2. Remember to mention your keyword.

  3. If it’s appropriate, provide a call-to-action.

  4. Meta descriptions should not be duplicated.

  5. Make them relevant and detailed, and make sure they reflect your content.

  6. Choose an emotion to focus on.

The header tags, commonly known as H1 – H6 tags, are another important on-page element for SEO principles.

These should be descriptive, incorporate goal keywords, and variants, and be used to head up blocks of material.


But what are the recommended tips for writing heading tags that help to improve your Search Engine Optimization (SEO) on the Page? In our guide to small business SEO, we recommended: 

  1. Every page should include an H1 tag for the main heading.
  2. Don’t over-optimize or push keywords into your content.
  3. Break up your page’s content using H2 – H6 tags.
  4. Users, not search engines, should be the focus of your writing.
  5. Summarize the information in the material that they are responsible for. 

When it comes to SEO fundamentals, it’s critical to create high-quality URLs that accurately convey the page’s content.

Consider it this way…

If you have two URLs for the same page:

  1. /page-1/
  2. /red-shoes/

Which one do you think is more optimized?

The second, of course, is descriptive for the simple reason that it is. You can tell that the website is supposed to display red shoes just by glancing at the URL.

As a general rule, URLs should:

  • Should be descriptive and match the core keyword on the page.
  • Between words, use hyphens instead of underscores.
  • Rather of combining capital and lower-case letters, use lower-case alone.
  • Keep it as brief as possible while yet summarizing the page’s contents.

It’s easy to ignore the importance of ensuring that your photographs boost user experience, but doing it effectively (from size to alt text) may pay off. If you optimize your pictures, your site will nearly always load faster, resulting in greater SEO advantages and a better user experience. Our picture optimization guide includes a few pointers to get you started:

  • Instead of utilizing the camera’s auto-generated file names, label your photographs correctly to be descriptive.
  • Resize photos to fit the dimensions of the display.
  • Compress photos and reduce file sizes.
  • Use descriptive language in your alt tags to make them more effective.

When it comes to SEO fundamentals, don’t overlook internal linking. When you link your site’s pages together, you’ll be able to:

  • Assist search engines in comprehending the structure of your website.
  • Between pages, transfer authority.
  • Assist users in moving between pages.

The good news is that SEMrush’s Site Audit tool may assist you in creating a more effective internal linking structure. An internal connecting report is included in this tool:



This article will teach you how to do internal linking correctly.

Building your authority is the other major pillar of SEO success. How do you go about doing that? Backlinks.

In a nutshell, a backlink is a link from one website to yours, thereby offering you a vote of confidence and support. Your site’s performance may be enhanced if the site connecting back to you is a reputable, trustworthy authority.

We covered the many different Creating Connections strategies that you can use, so take a look and begin reaching out! 

Reaching out to real-life contacts that your company has is one of the fastest ways to develop ties.

This might be the case:

  • Your vendors
  • Associations in which you are a member
  • The webpage for your office building
  • The chamber of commerce in your area

Consider business associates who have a website that links to others with whom they collaborate. Then just request that they link back to your site. You’re seeking for websites like this one that list members or other businesses:


Often, all you have to do is ask your contact for a link, and you’ll be able to acquire one. 

If you’re a small company or operate in a certain industry, you’ll likely come across business directories where you can submit your site and get a link in exchange.

And this might be a very rapid technique to get your site’s foundation links.

Go to Google and search for terms such as:

  • Directory of businesses in [place]
  • [industry[directory]]]]]]]]]]]]]]
  • business listings in [location]

You may have to pay a little listing fee, but keep in mind that this is about more than SEO… it’s about getting your company in front of a live audience seeking for companies like yours, particularly when these directory sites rank on the SERPs.

If you’ve not heard of HARO, it could turn out to be your new Creating Connections best friend.

It’s a platform that links journalists seeking for material with company owners and marketers like you.


HARO sends out an email three times a day, Monday through Friday, with requests from journalists such as this:


Go ahead and reply to a relevant request if it makes sense for your company to do so. This is a terrific introduction to obtaining authority links from the press, and most firms should find chances weekly if they watch these emails on a daily basis. Just be sure to provide high-quality, value-adding comments on topics in which you are actually an expert.

To begin started, here are the most important SEO fundamentals. If you’ve mastered the fundamentals of SEO, work your way through our SEO checklist to continue honing your abilities and generating organic growth!

Begin compiling your keyword list.

Get keyword ideas right now.

ADS illustration

SEO Basics: How To Do SEO For Beginners. This is a guide to help you get started with seo, and how to do it for beginners. Reference: seo google.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do beginners do SEO?

A: This is a highly technical and complicated question.

How do you do SEO step by step?

A: The first step regards content including your keyword. Then you need to create a good title.

What should I do first in SEO?

A: The first thing you should do is to determine what type of website you are trying to build. Are you trying to rank for a specific keyword? Would your site be more successful if it was focused on producing something, like a blog? These questions can help guide the direction that your company takes with its SEO strategy.

Related Tags

  • seo tools
  • seo optimization
  • what is seo and how it works
  • search engine optimization example
  • seo course

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.